: Dost Mohammad Khan comes back and rules.
: Akbar Khan dies.
: Dost Mohammad Khan signs a peace treaty with India.
: Sher Ali, Dost Mohammad Khan's son, rules.
: Russia takes Bukhara, Tashkent, and Samarkand.
Mohammad Afzal occupies Kabul and proclaims himself Amir.
: Mohammad Afzal dies.
: Mohammad Azam succeeds to the throne.
: Mohammad Azam flees to Persia.
: Sher Ali reasserts control.
: Russia established a fixed boundary with Afghanistan.
: Start of second Anglo-Afghan War;
- Sher Ali dies in Mazar-i-Shariff.
- Amir Muhammad Yaqub Khan takes over until October 1879.
- Battle of Maiwand;
- Abdur Rahman takes throne of Afghanistan as Amir.
- The British withdraw from Afghanistan, but retain the right to handle Afghanistan's foreign relations.
: The Durand line fixes borders of Afghanistan with British India, splitting Afghan tribal areas, leaving half of these in what is now Pakistan.
: Northern border is fixed and guaranteed by Russia.
: Abdur Rahman dies and his son Habibullah succeeds him.
: Russia and Great Britain sign the convention of St. Petersburg, in which Afghanistan is declared outside Russia's sphere of influence.