H.E. Marjatta Rasi, Permanent Representative to the UN
"Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism"
United Nations General Assembly
New York, New York
October 3, 2001
Finland fully subscribes to the intervention of the distinguished representative
of Belgium, H.E. Mr. Jean de Ruyt, on behalf of the European Union, as well
as to the conclusions and the plan of action of the European Council adopted
in its extraordinary meeting in Brussels on 21 September. We condemn unequivocally
the terrorist attacks in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania. We express our
solidarity with the United States. I also wish to express my government's deep
sympathy and sincere condolences to victims and their families, as well as to
the people and government of the United States. The horrendous events of September
11 have profoundly shocked all nations, big and small.
While these events were unprecedented - unimaginable - in many respects, they
also share a number of common traits with other terrorist attacks of recent
years. One such trend is the increasing lethality of the attacks. Their anonymity
is another new phenomenon as those who commit the acts rely on networks of undetermined
groups and organizations. The lack of discernible organisational structures
and political programs makes these groups and organisations an invisible adversary.
The first - and by no means the easiest - challenge for counter-terrorism is
often that of identifying and locating the adversary.
Any government´s ability to craft an effective response to terrorist attacks
will in these circumstances depend on international support, coordination and
cooperation. The European Union has called for the broadest possible global
coalition against terrorism, and has rightly emphasised the primordial role
of the United Nations in this respect. Terrorist acts constitute a threat to
international peace and security. The resolutions and statements of the Security
Council, in particularily the resolution of last Friday (S/RES/1373 (2001)),
send a powerful message that terrorism must be combatted decisively.
The General Assembly of the UN has made an important and indispensable work
in recent years in building a consensus on the basic principle that terrorist
acts, wherever and by whom ever committed, are criminal and unjustifiable by
any political, religious or philosophical considerations. Terrorism may grow
out of inequality and oppression, but such circumstances do not justify terrorist
acts. There is no just terrorism, whatever the causes. At the same
time, understanding and eradicating the underlying causes of terrorism poses
a challenge to societies and to the international community.
While terrorist organizations increasingly seek their inspiration in different
religions, it is clear that no religion can condone terrorism. The European
Union has categorically rejected any equation of groups of fanatical terrorism
with the Arab and Muslim world. Fanaticism allied with any religion or ideology
can lead to terrorist activities. Acts of terrorism pose a serious challenge
to States and governments all over the world. It is the global reach of the
problem that makes it necessary for the international community to respond to
it in a coordinated manner.
While no category of response, which is in accordance with international law,
can be excluded, efforts to suppress terrorism must always respect human rights
and fundamental freedoms.
The twelve conventions elaborated under the UN auspices to prevent and to suppress
terrorist acts provide an essential framework for the fight against terrorism.
We join the call to all countries to sign and ratify and to fully implement
these conventions. Finland has signed all the twelve conventions and will soon
have ratified ten of them. The internal preparations required for the ratification
of the two most recent conventions, will be carried out as a matter of priority.
The 1997 Convention on the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings captures all attacks
by means of explosive or other lethal devices, including radioactive materials
or chemical or biological agents and toxins directed against government or infrastructure
facilities, public transportation systems or places of public use. It is a particularly
effective instrument, which expands the legal basis for international cooperation
in the investigation, prosecution and extradition of persons who engage in terrorist
Organising the attacks of 11 September would not have been possible without
established transnational networks of support and funding. As a matter of fact,
most terrorist crimes would not be possible without financial resources from
supporters. The 1999 Convention on the Financing of Terrorism acknowledges that
those who finance terrorist crimes are equally responsible and should be treated
as severely as those who commit the crimes. The Convention applies to the willful
collecting or providing of funds -legally or illegally - with the intention
or in the knowledge that they are to be used to the terrorist acts. Once in
force and fully implemented, this Convention will significantly improve the
ability of governments to work together to reduce the threat of terrorism.
Even though the scope of the existing conventions is fairly comprehensive, there
are still gaps to be filled. The discussions on a comprehensive convention on
international terrorism, on the basis of a draft submitted by India, are underway
in the Sixth Committee. This convention will strengthen the comprehensive network
of conventions and enhance the impact of the measures taken in the United Nations
over the last quarter of a century. All efforts should be concentrated in the
upcoming third round of negotiations on finding solutions that will make the
convention generally acceptable. The draft Convention on the Suppression of
Acts of Nuclear Terrorism should also be completed as soon as possible.
The few weeks since September 11 have seen a unanimous condemnation of the terrorist
attacks as a violation of the fundamental values of the United Nations. The
success in the fight against terrorism will to a large extent depend on continued
and continually strengthened international cooperation. A whole array of different
means - legal, law enforcement, diplomatic will be needed, as well as
close and effective cooperation at practical levels. Finland unequivocally condemns
terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. We will participate both nationally
and as a member of the European Union in formulating and implementing a coordinated
and coherent response to the threat of terrorism.