African Growth and Opportunity Act Forum
January 15, 2003
Thank you very much. And thank you, Ambassador Zoellick, for leading the United
States delegation to this historic gathering. And thanks to the other U.S. government
officials, including Sam Bodman, Andrew Natsios, and others, for attending this
I also thank you all for the honor of addressing this important meeting. I'm
disappointed I'm not able to join you in person. I still look forward to visiting
Africa later this year. I'm grateful to Prime Minister Jugnauth for hosting
this forum. And to all the ministers and delegates and guests from our fellow
AGOA nations, I extend the good wishes of the American people.
All of us share a common vision for the future of Africa. We look to the day
when prosperity for Africa is built through trade and markets. We see a continent
at peace, where the people of Africa obtain education and medical care, and
live in freedom. And we're making great progress, as shown by last month's free
elections in Kenya.
Yet fulfilling this vision is the work of many years. It will require hard effort
and true leadership and a rejection of some old ways. And in this great work,
you will always have a partner in the United States.
Every nation that seeks peace faces a common enemy today in global terror. The
recent attacks in Mombasa remind us that Africa is on the front lines of the
war against terror. All our citizens know the awful price of terror, and we
will not rest until we have defeated terrorism in all its forms.
In this struggle, my country is grateful for the crucial support and friendship
we have received from the nations of Africa. You've stood with us against a
deadly threat. And we will stand with you to help bring an end to the terrible
regional conflicts that bring so much suffering to innocent Africans, from Congo,
to Sudan, to the Ivory Coast.
Safety from violence is the most basic condition of better lives for the people
of Africa. And now and in years to come, we will continue working to expand
trade between America and the African continent. AGOA shows the power of trade
to lift people out of poverty. Exports from AGOA nations to the United States
are rising dramatically, and the benefits are felt throughout the region. From
Mauritius to Mali, AGOA is helping to reform old economies, creating new incentives
for good governance, and offering new hope for millions of Africans.
America is committed to building on the great success of AGOA. One important
way we can do this is to give business the confidence to invest in Africa, knowing
the law's benefits will continue long into the future. Therefore, I'm pleased
to announce that I will ask the United States Congress to extend AGOA beyond
My administration strongly supported the AGOA Two improvements, which are now
helping African companies to sharply increase exports to the United States.
As promised at the last AGOA meeting in Washington, the United States has opened
offices in Botswana and Kenya and Ghana to ensure that African businesses can
take advantage of new opportunities to sell goods abroad. Entrepreneurs in Africa
often face difficulty complying with trade regulations and standards, and these
offices are there to provide help. To assist African farmers in selling abroad,
soon we will assign U.S. agriculture officials to each of these regional offices.
America is also working toward a free trade agreement with the Southern African
Customs Union. Reaching that agreement involves complex and costly negotiations.
To speed up those negotiations, my country will provide technical assistance
to members of the Southern African Customs Union.
Wider trade is essential to economic growth, but our work does not end there.
Many countries also need assistance to help spare their peoples from the extremes
of poverty and disease. We are sending one million metric tons of food to help
feed the 30 million people in southern Africa and the Horn facing starvation
-- and we are urging other nations to join us in meeting this urgent need.
The United States will also continue to lead the world in providing the resources
to defeat HIV-AIDS. In addition, we have pledged to help poor countries get
access to the emergency life-saving drugs they need to fight HIV-AIDS and other
infectious epidemics. The AIDS pandemic has caused extraordinary loss and suffering
across your continent and the world, and all governments have a moral obligation
to confront it.
To help promote economic progress in Africa and elsewhere, the next budget I
submit to Congress will include a 50-percent increase in our development assistance
over the next three years. Money from our new Millennium Challenge Account will
be directed to nations that encourage economic freedom, root out corruption,
and respect the rights of their people. Through the New Partnership for African
Development, many leaders across the continent have pledged their governments
to these fundamentals principles.
America has also created a special African Millennium Fund, administered by
our Overseas Private Investment Corporation. Through this fund, we will support
the construction of roads and bridges, canals, and other basic infrastructure
that help make economic growth possible.
Africa's future depends, as well, on good teachers and schools, and a chance
for every child to study and learn. So America is devoting an additional $200
million over five years to improve basic education and teacher training in Africa.
Thanks to the leadership of Andrew Natsios, Administrator of our Agency of International
Development, we have also created the Books for a Better Tomorrow program. This
public-private effort will, in the weeks to come, deliver $30 million worth
of books and other school supplies to Africa.
For many years, America and the world looked to the continent of Africa and
saw only its problems. That era has passed. In this new century, the world is
beginning to see the great potential of Africa, and the goodness of its people.
Many of you gathered this week in Mauritius have helped to bring about this
change. I share your confidence in Africa's future -- and in Africa's new generation
of leaders. I pledge to you the friendship and support of the United States