Statement Confirming Invocation of Article 5 of the Washington Treaty
October 2, 2001
Frank Taylor, the US Ambassador at Large and Co-ordinator for Counter-terrorism
briefed the North Atlantic Council - NATO's top decision-making body- on 2 October
on the results of investigations into the 11 September terrorist attacks against
the United States. As a result of the information he provided to the Council,
it has been clearly determined that the individuals who carried out the attacks
belonged to the world-wide terrorist network of Al-Qaida, headed by Osama bin
Laden and protected by the Taleban regime in Afghanistan.
At a special press conference, NATO Secretary General Lord Robertson announced
that since it had been determined that the attacks had been directed from abroad,
they were regarded as an action covered by Article 5 of the Washington Treaty
(1). When the Alliance invoked the principle of Article 5 of the Washington
Treaty on 12 September, it stated that it needed to know whether such actions
had been conducted from abroad before the Article could become fully operative.
This has now been determined, but Lord Robertson explained that, at present,
it was premature to speculate on what military action would be taken by the
Alliance, be it individually or collectively.