Letter to the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate
September 20, 2002
September 20, 2002
Dear Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:)
On September 24, 2001, I reported the deployment of various combat-equipped
and combat support forces to a number of locations in the Central and Pacific
Command areas of operations. On October 9, 2001, I reported the beginning of
combat action in Afghanistan against terrorists and their Taliban supporters.
In my report to the Congress of March 20, 2002, I provided supplemental information
on the deployment of combat-equipped and combat support forces to a number of
foreign nations in the Central and Pacific Command areas of operations. As a
part of my efforts to keep the Congress informed, I am reporting further on
U.S. efforts in the global war on terrorism.
Our efforts in Afghanistan have met with success, but as I have stated in my
previous reports, the U.S. campaign against terrorism will be lengthy. To date,
U.S. Armed Forces, with the assistance of numerous coalition partners, have
executed a superb campaign to eliminate the primary source of support to the
terrorists who viciously attacked our Nation on September 11, 2001. The heart
of the al-Qaida training capability has been seriously degraded. The Taliban's
ability to brutalize the Afghan people and to harbor and support terrorists
has been virtually eliminated. Pockets of al-Qaida and Taliban forces remain
a threat to U.S. and coalition forces and to the Afghan government. What is
left of both the Taliban and the al-Qaida fighters is being pursued and engaged
by U.S. and coalition forces.
Due to our success in Afghanistan, we have detained several hundred al-Qaida
and Taliban fighters who are believed to pose a continuing threat to the United
States and its interests. The combat-equipped and combat support forces deployed
to Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba, in the Southern Command area of operations
since January 2002, continue to conduct secure detention operations. We currently
hold approximately 550 enemy combatants at Guantanamo. All are being treated
humanely and, to the extent appropriate and consistent with military necessity,
in a manner consistent with the principles of the Geneva Conventions of 1949.
In furtherance of our worldwide efforts against terrorists who pose a continuing
and imminent threat to the United States, our friends and allies, and our forces
abroad, we continue to work with the Government of the Philippines to protect
U.S. and Philippine citizens and to defeat international terrorism in the Philippines.
The combat-equipped and combat support forces that were deployed to the Philippines
in January 2002 to train with, advise, and assist the Armed Forces of the Philippines
made great progress in enhancing the Philippine government's counterterrorist
capabilities. United States forces have reduced their presence in the Southern
Philippines, but will continue a long-term effort to assist the Armed Forces
of the Philippines.
Additionally, we are conducting maritime interception operations in the Central
and European Command areas of responsibility to deny the high seas as a haven
for moving, arming, or financing international terrorists.
Combat-equipped and combat support forces also have been deployed to Georgia
and Yemen to assist their armed forces in enhancing their counter-terrorism
capabilities, including by training and equipping their armed forces. We continue
to assess options for working with other nations to assist them in this respect.
I have taken these actions pursuant to my constitutional authority to conduct
U.S. foreign relations and as Commander in Chief and Chief Executive. In addition,
these actions are consistent with Public Law 107-40. As I stated in my previous
reports, it is not possible to know at this time either the duration of combat
operations or the scope and duration of the deployment of U.S. Armed Forces
necessary to counter the terrorist threat to the United States. I will direct
additional measures as necessary to exercise our right to self-defense and to
protect U.S. citizens and interests. Such measures may include short notice
deployments of special operations and other forces for sensitive operations
in various locations throughout the world.
I am providing this report as part of my efforts to keep the Congress informed,
consistent with the War Powers Resolution and Public Law 107-40. Officials of
my Administration and I have been communicating regularly with the leadership
and other Members of Congress, and we will continue to do so. I appreciate the
continuing support of the Congress in our effort to protect the security of
the United States of America and its citizens, civilian and military, here and