at Photo Op with Business Leaders
New York, New York
October 3, 2001
11:20 A.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: It's an honor to be back in New York City. I want to thank the
Mayor and the Governor for welcoming us back. I'm pleased that Secretary Don
Evans, and Larry Lindsey from the White House staff, are traveling with me,
and I want to thank the business leaders from not only New York, but others
who have come from around the country to discuss the state of the nation.
And we've had a very frank discussion about the state of our economy. I think
there's no question we all agree that the events of September 11th shocked our
economy, just like it shocked the conscience of our nation. But like those terrorists,
they can't affect our soul, they can't affect the greatness of America. We all
believe that the underpinnings are there for economic recovery.
And we all must do our part. And the federal government has a role to play.
Today Secretary Paul O'Neill testified at Congress, saying that the administration
believes that we ought to have $60 billion to $75 billion more of stimulus to
encourage consumer confidence, to enhance business investment, as well as to
take care of displaced workers.
I have shared that with the business leaders here. They understand that there
is a role for the federal government, a strong and active role. And I assured
them it's a role that we intend to play.
I know there are people hurting in America; there are people who have lost their
jobs. But as I assured these leaders, that our government will do everything
we can to get our economy growing, to make it as strong as possible. I am saddened
by the sight of the World Trade Center, again, once again. But through my tears
I do see a much better future for the country.
This is a great nation. It's an entrepreneurial nation; it's a nation that has
got such generous and kind people -- the leadership, the business leadership
here has contributed $150 million to the funds, the variety of funds here in
the New York City area, to help people, the victims. It speaks volumes about
what America is about.
And I want to thank everybody for coming. I'm now going to ask Ken Chenault
to say a few words.
* * * * *
THE PRESIDENT: I'd be glad to take a few questions.
Q What form might this stimulus take? Are we looking at tax cuts for individuals,
THE PRESIDENT: You bet. I know we need to provide more tax relief to individuals
to boost consumer confidence. We've just finished passing out $40 billion of
rebate checks; they were completed by October 1st of this year. There is going
to be tax relief started next year as a part of the package that the Congress
and I agreed to.
We believe there ought to be more, to make sure that the consumer has got money
to spend, money to spend in the short-term. Secondly, there needs to be business
relief, as well, to encourage investment. And, finally, there needs to be a
displaced worker package. We've got to recognize that as a result of September
11th, folks have been laid off, and we need to make sure they're able to survive
until this economy gets going again.
And I've got to tell you, I had a great conversation with the leadership of
the Congress yesterday. We're coming together on a plan that I believe needs
to get passed as quickly as possible.
Q Mr. President, is this going to eat up the rest of the surplus for the year,
and does it matter?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, as I said in Chicago during the campaign, when asked about
should the government ever deficit spend, I said only under these circumstances
should government deficit spend: if there is a national emergency, if there
is a recession, or if there's a war. And, you know, we've now got a reason to
do what it takes to not only provide security at home, to do what it takes to
win the war on terrorism, but we've also got to do what it takes to make sure
this economy gets growing, so people can find work.
And we've got the basis for growth. We're an entrepreneurial nation. There's
a lot of small business growth in America. By and large, the banking system
is very solid; the energy prices are reasonable. And now we've just got to be
aggressive and make sure we do what we need to do at the federal level to provide
a kick-start to give people reasons to be confident. And we will do that.
This isn't a Republican idea or Democrat idea, it's an American idea. And it's
the right time for us to come together to get it done.
Q Mr. President, should the country brace itself for a recession? I mean, one
of your advisors said yesterday that he can forecast it being likely that two
negative quarters of growth are --
THE PRESIDENT: We'll leave all that talk up to the statisticians. You're asking
me about statistics, and we've got people who count numbers there in Washington,
D.C., and that's fine.
Here's my attitude: one person laid off is one person too many. And, therefore,
we've got to do what it takes to make sure that that person who got laid off
is able to find work. I'm not going to dwell on the past, I'm looking forward.
And I believe we've got a fantastic opportunity to invigorate this economy and
to assure the business leaders around America that the government is playing
a very active role and that we will take the steps necessary to provide growth
And that's why I believe we need additional stimulus beyond some of the spending
that we've already put in place, to the tune of about $60 billion to $75 billion.
We'll let the accountants come up -- they call it what they want; there's no
question that the economy has been affected by September 11th.
Q -- signed off on that $60 billion to $75 billion --
THE PRESIDENT: No, they have not, yet. But they do understand we need to have
a range that as you go into a debate about, or discussions about how to stimulate
the economy, first and foremost, it's important to come up with a total figure
so that we don't undershoot or overshoot the mark. And they do recognize that
some of the actions that we've all taken together, including the $40 billion
supplemental plus the $15 billion for the airline, will have a positive effect
on economic growth, and I do believe they recognize there needs to be more.
And so one of the things that I'm doing is providing the leadership necessary
to try to set the parameters on what the definition of more is.
Again, I want to repeat: We've just finished with $40 billion of rebate from
the tax package we agreed upon earlier in the year, plus we'll have about $70
billion in the rate reductions starting next year. And so, what we're looking
at is how to bridge into next year.
Q Sir, are you confident that the size of the package you're talking about will
do the stimulating you need at this end, without putting pressure on interest
THE PRESIDENT: That's a very good question. I finally got one -- no -- anyway
-- (laughter.) I believe -- I think you ought to ask the -- I wish you could
have heard the discussion we had, let me put it to you that way, where I believe
people around this table, for example, believe it's important to be aggressive
on the front end, that the risk-reward ratio is beneficial to be more aggressive
on the front end. And obviously, we agree with that; that's why we've proposed
up to $60 billion to $75 billion. But we're mindful of the effect on long-term
interest rates, and we think that number is the right number.
Q Mr. President, can you tell us anything specific about these discussions with
these men and women, specifically about did you speak about corporate relief?
THE PRESIDENT: Yes, we did. I can be very specific, just like I have been. They
do believe we need to stimulate the economy through boosting consumer confidence
with some kind of money in the hands of consumers. And there's a variety of
ways to -- excuse me? I'm sorry -- there's a variety of ways to do that. There's
rebates, there's acceleration of the tax cuts, are the two most effective ways
to do that. And we discussed both of those.
Secondly, we discussed a variety of options for corporate relief. One, we talked
about ways to encourage investment through expensing of depreciation. Some people
thought we ought to look at one-time ITCs, investment tax credits. People talked
about the idea of corporate tax relief. And so we did have specific discussions
about ways to make sure that our economy continues to grow.
And I am most grateful for the input that we have been given here. It has been
incredibly helpful. The thing I come away with is that these are men and women
dedicated to America, first and foremost. They're dedicated to the workers that
work for their company; they're dedicated to providing the security for their
workers so they can go to work feeling safely. And they love their country,
and they're going to do what it takes to join all of us together to recover
from this awful incident of September 11th.
You only get one question a day.
Q -- ask your average American to do besides spend, to help?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, I think the average American must not be afraid to travel.
We opened Reagan Airport yesterday for a reason -- we think it's safe, and that
people ought to feel comfortable about traveling around our country. They ought
to take their kids on vacations. They ought to go to ball games. The Mayor wants
them to come to the Yankee games, of course. (Laughter.)
MAYOR GIULIANI: The World Series.
THE PRESIDENT: The World Series, yes. (Laughter.) No question he's an incurable
optimist. (Laughter.) But people ought to -- listen, we ought to be aware in
America -- we are aware; how can you not be aware that we've entered into a
new era. The imagery is vivid in people's minds. But nevertheless, Americans
must know that their government is doing everything we can to track down every
rumor, every hint, every possible evildoer. And, therefore, Americans ought
to go about their business. And they are beginning to do so.
The load factors were up on the airlines, which means more people will be going
to hotels and restaurants. I fulfilled my pledge, my promise last night to take
the Mayor of Washington, D.C. for dinner. I did -- Morton's Steak House. We
had a nice slice of beef -- plus I paid. (Laughter.)
Q Mr. President, why did you send Secretary Rumsfeld --
THE PRESIDENT: Pardon me, John?
Q Why did you send him and what is he supposed to do?
THE PRESIDENT: John, he's visiting with our friends. As you know, we've put
together a broad coalition of nations that are interested in battling, joining
us to battle terrorism. And Secretary Rumsfeld went over to visit with the leaders
of a group of nations to share with them information, to discuss the determination
of our nation.
People need to be able to look us in the eye and know that when we say that
we're in this for the long run, that we're going to find terrorism -- terrorists
and bring them to justice, we mean it. That this is a nation -- see, it's hard
for people around the world to understand the resolve of America. They may hear
my speech occasionally, but they need to look at the eyes -- in the eyes of
members of my administration, because -- and hear them say that not only is
this President resolved, but America is resolved to rout out terrorism, to make
sure that legitimate governments can survive as we head into the 21st century,
and to make a strong stand for freedom.
And Secretary Rumsfeld is going to do a fine job of delivering that message,
because he knows exactly how I feel about the mission we have ahead of us.