Good morning. This weekend marks a bitter anniversary for the people of Iraq.
Fifteen years ago, Saddam Hussein's regime ordered a chemical weapons attack
on a village in Iraq called Halabja. With that single order, the regime killed
thousands of Iraq's Kurdish citizens. Whole families died while trying to flee
clouds of nerve and mustard agents descending from the sky. Many who managed
to survive still suffer from cancer, blindness, respiratory diseases, miscarriages,
and severe birth defects among their children.
The chemical attack on Halabja -- just one of 40 targeted at Iraq's own people
-- provided a glimpse of the crimes Saddam Hussein is willing to commit, and
the kind of threat he now presents to the entire world. He is among history's
cruelest dictators, and he is arming himself with the world's most terrible
Recognizing this threat, the United Nations Security Council demanded that Saddam
Hussein give up all his weapons of mass destruction as a condition for ending
the Gulf War 12 years ago. The Security Council has repeated this demand numerous
times and warned that Iraq faces serious consequences if it fails to comply.
Iraq has responded with defiance, delay and deception.
The United States, Great Britain and Spain continue to work with fellow members
of the U.N. Security Council to confront this common danger. We have seen far
too many instances in the past decade -- from Bosnia, to Rwanda, to Kosovo --
where the failure of the Security Council to act decisively has led to tragedy.
And we must recognize that some threats are so grave -- and their potential
consequences so terrible -- that they must be removed, even if it requires military
As diplomatic efforts continue, we must never lose sight of the basic facts
about the regime of Baghdad.
We know from recent history that Saddam Hussein is a reckless dictator who has
twice invaded his neighbors without provocation -- wars that led to death and
suffering on a massive scale. We know from human rights groups that dissidents
in Iraq are tortured, imprisoned and sometimes just disappear; their hands,
feet and tongues are cut off; their eyes are gouged out; and female relatives
are raped in their presence.
As the Nobel laureate and Holocaust survivor, Elie Wiesel, said this week, "We
have a moral obligation to intervene where evil is in control. Today, that place
We know from prior weapons inspections that Saddam has failed to account for
vast quantities of biological and chemical agents, including mustard agent,
botulinum toxin and sarin, capable of killing millions of people. We know the
Iraqi regime finances and sponsors terror. And we know the regime has plans
to place innocent people around military installations to act as human shields.
There is little reason to hope that Saddam Hussein will disarm. If force is
required to disarm him, the American people can know that our armed forces have
been given every tool and every resource to achieve victory. The people of Iraq
can know that every effort will be made to spare innocent life, and to help
Iraq recover from three decades of totalitarian rule. And plans are in place
to provide Iraqis with massive amounts of food, as well as medicine and other
essential supplies, in the event of hostilities.
Crucial days lie ahead for the free nations of the world. Governments are now
showing whether their stated commitments to liberty and security are words alone
-- or convictions they're prepared to act upon. And for the government of the
United States and the coalition we lead, there is no doubt: we will confront
a growing danger, to protect ourselves, to remove a patron and protector of
terror, and to keep the peace of the world.