with Armed Forces Radio and Television Service
MCAS Miramar, California
August 14, 2003
1:55 P.M. PDT
QUESTION: Thank you for joining us today. We really appreciate you being here
and taking time out to talk with us.
I'd like to start out with a topic that's in the news this morning, and
that's Liberia. Two weeks ago, you authorized Secretary Rumsfeld to send
a small contingency into that war torn country to help out. And now this
morning we hear that a couple of hundred more U.S. forces are there to help
out. What's the status there? Do you see this as a long-term deployment for
our troops? Or do you think this is more short-term?
THE PRESIDENT: No, I know it's short-term. Here's what I said. I said, look,
we have a special obligation in Liberia to help with humanitarian aid. And,
therefore, we will. And I said, secondly, we will have a limited mission,
of limited duration and limited scope, and that we will help what's called
ECOMIL, which is the Western African nations' militaries, go in and provide
the conditions necessary for humanitarian aid to move.
We have yet to deploy anybody, really. Today you mentioned 200 troops. Those
200 troops will be the first really deployed, other than assessment teams,
and their job is to help secure an airport and a port so food can be off-loaded
and the delivery process begun to help people in Monrovia. We'll be out of
there by October the 1st. We've got U.N. blue helmeted troops ready to replace
our limited number of troops.
But our mission there is to help ECOWAS, help ECOMIL provide humanitarian
QUESTION: I'd like to turn to Iraq now.
THE PRESIDENT: Yes.
QUESTION: On May 1st, you flew aboard the Abraham Lincoln and you addressed the
nation and you announced the end of combat operations.
THE PRESIDENT: Actually, major military operations.
QUESTION: Okay, I stand corrected.
THE PRESIDENT: Because we still have combat operations going on.
QUESTION: We do, sir; you're right. But, as you say, duty there continues to be
tough, dangerous work. But, ironically, more of our troops have died since
May 1st than during the main hostility. What do your advisors tell you about
the security threat in Iraq today? Is it getting better? Is it worse? Where
do we stand?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, it's certainly getting better on a day-by-day basis.
And the reason why is because we're routing out former Baathists and some
foreign terrorists from the country. These are people who can't stand the
thought of a free Iraq.
Really, the way I'd like for your viewers to understand the Iraq theater
is that the -- Iraq is an integral part on the war on terror. See, Saddam
Hussein was funding terrorist activities. He was providing money. Who knows
what kind of armament he was providing. We know he had illegal weapons, and
those weapons in the hands of terrorists would be very dangerous to the United
Iraq is in the middle of a part of the region that has produced terror and
terrorists. And, therefore, a free Iraq is an integral part of winning the
war on terror, because a free Iraq is going to be one that will help -- will
have an amazingly positive effect on its neighborhood. A free Iraq will no
longer be a threat to the United States and our friends and allies. And so
what you're seeing now is a continuation on the battle for Iraq, it's just
a different kind of battle. The first wave of military operations was to
get rid of -- the first major goal of military operations was to get rid
of Saddam Hussein and his regime, and we have done that. And now it is to
make the country secure enough for democracy to flourish. And it's a different
kind of combat mission, but, nevertheless, it's combat, just ask the kids
that are over there killing and being shot at.
Listen, as Commander-in-Chief, I grieve for any loss of life. And I stand
in -- I send my deepest sympathies to the loved ones who grieve over the
loss of a soldier, a loved one. But the cause is a good cause, because we
will never forget the lessons of 9/11. This is part of the war on terror.
And the effect of what we have done in Iraq and what we're doing in Iraq
will be a very positive effect on future generations of Americans, and that's
very important for people to understand.
QUESTION: You talked about a democracy in Iraq. August 8th was the 100th day since
the end of combat operations there. But we've got a lot of forces that are
still there. I guess my question to you is, will U.S. forces continue to
bear the brunt of the responsibility there? I believe down in Crawford you
told the press that America was committed to staying in Iraq until they were
THE PRESIDENT: Right.
QUESTION: But will that responsibility continue to fall on U.S. forces, or will
our coalition partners step up and give us some relief?
THE PRESIDENT: Yes, I think what you'll find is, is that there will be a
variety of different elements that will give relief to U.S. forces.
First of all, we will stay there until the job is done. If America pulls
out, there's no telling what'll happen. It'll certainly embolden terrorists
to think that we are going to a mission and don't complete it. But think
about the following dynamics. First of all, Britain is still there; Polish
troops are now moving in and will be in, I think, by September 4th of this
year, which is in two weeks -- that's a major Polish contingent; there will
be other nations going in to support not only the Polish contingent, but
the British contingent.
We're developing an Iraq police force, as well as an Iraqi army. And the
idea is at some point in time the Iraqi army is able to secure the power
lines and prevent the looting. See, what's happening there is there's a handful
of people, an element of people who are willing to destroy the power grid
as we rebuild it, in order to try to terrorize people. It would be helpful
if other patrolled the power grid, other than our U.S. hunter-killer teams.
And that's what's happening now. And this fall you'll see a lot of protective
load, kind of the guarding role being taken off the shoulders of U.S. troops
and shared by coalition forces.
But, you know, you mentioned a hundred days -- I want to put this in perspective.
Saddam Hussein had 12 years or so, or more, to hide weapons and to fool the
world. I say 12 years because that's really the time frame from '91, the
last U.S. incursion, until today, but no telling what he was doing prior
to '91. He has had years to terrorize people. This is the guy, if you disagreed
with him, your liable to be dead and your family would be tortured, as well,
or killed as well.
And so we're dealing with a mind set and kind of a condition, an environment
that has been in place for a long time, and, yet, we've only we've only been
there for a hundred days. But we've done a lot in a hundred. In other words,
my expectations aren't the democracy will flourish after a hundred days.
Of course, my expectations were that -- I wasn't certain how long it was
going to take for us to do an incredibly difficult, complex military operation.
I knew that we had a good plan, because General Franks told me we had a good
plan. But it happened a lot quicker than I thought.
So I don't -- my point is, I don't tend to put time, artificial time lines;
I try to be realistic, however about how long it takes to accomplish a complex
QUESTION: Mr. President, I'd like to talk about Afghanistan for a moment, formerly
a hotbed of terrorist activity, and the first country to feel America's wrath
and compassion in the war on terrorism after 9/11. But, today, significant
numbers of U.S. troops are still there, helping to rebuild that country.
My question for you is, is there a timetable for when U.S. forces will start
to come home from there? Or is Afghanistan tied to Iraq?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, listen, we've got about 10,000 troops there, which
is down from, obviously, major combat operations. And they're there to provide
security and they're there to provide reconstruction help. But both those
functions are being gradually replaced by other troops. Germany, for example,
is now providing the troops for ISAF, which is the security force for Afghanistan,
under NATO control. In other words, more and more coalition forces and friends
are beginning to carry a lot of the burden in Afghanistan.
We'll still have hunter-killer teams there to chase down remnants of Taliban
and al Qaeda, because -- we want, of course, Afghanistan to be a secure and
democratic country. And we want to use, now that we're locked and loaded,
as they say in the military, we want to chase down those who could eventually
come back and harm America.
In other words, Afghanistan and Iraq, they're linked, they're linked because
they're both integral theaters in the war on terror. And a free Afghanistan
and a free Iraq will make America more secure, and that's, after all, the
mission that we're after. Nine-eleven taught us a lesson, that we're vulnerable.
And 9/11 reminded me that my obligation as the Commander-in-Chief is to hunt
down an enemy and bring them to justice before they would ever harm America
again. And that's what we're going to do, so long as I am the President.
QUESTION: I'd like to go to the other side of the world for a moment, if I could,
to North Korea.
THE PRESIDENT: Yes.
QUESTION: What is the status on their weapons of mass destruction and their ability
to use them? And, most specifically, how concerned should U.S. forces in
the Pacific theater be -- South Korea, Japan -- that North Korea would use
nuclear weapons against them?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, you know, we believe he has got a warhead. We know
he's got rockets. And we know he's a dangerous man. And that's why we take
his threats seriously. You know, the best thing to do, in my judgment, is
to convince others to join us to convince Kim Jong-il to change his behavior.
In other words, we tried the bilateral approach, and it didn't work because
he didn't tell the truth. And so now our strategy is to get the Chinese involved,
which they are; and to get the Russians involved, and the Japanese involved,
and the South Koreans involved, all of us involved to tell Kim Jong-il that
we expect him to de-nuclearize the Korean Peninsula for the sake of peace.
And that's where we're headed.
I'd like to solve this diplomatically and I believe we can. It's going to
take a lot of persuasion by countries besides the United States to convince
him. He loves the idea of, you know, making people nervous and rattling sabres
and getting the world all anxious. And my job is to tell others that, let's
speak with one voice and convince this man that developing a nuclear weapon
on the Korean Peninsula is not in his interests.
QUESTION: I'd like to talk about people for a minute. You've talked about them earlier,
and nobody knows better than you the sacrifices that our service members
are making day in and day out on the war on terrorism -- whether it's Iraq,
Afghanistan, here at home.
What can service members look for in the way of benefits, pay, housing,
health care, that kind of thing, to repay them for their unselfish sacrifice
to the nation?
THE PRESIDENT: When I first came in, I made the commitment that help was
on the way. I said that during the campaign to the military, help was on
the way, and I've lived up to that commitment.
Pay is going up. I think if you talk to the servicemen, they do feel the
pay increases that we've -- that I proposed and Congress has passed. And
when you couple that with two significant tax cuts, our servicemen have got
more money in their pocket than before.
I ask the question all the time to troops. I don't know if I got -- I hope
I get the straight answer. You don't know, it must be a little awesome for
a sergeant to talk to the Commander-in-Chief.
QUESTION: It's very awesome, sir. (Laughter.)
THE PRESIDENT: And I turn to the guy and say, can you feel your pay raise?
And to a person, the answer is, yes, they feel their pay raise, which is
good. And that's what I want.
The other thing is that when you and I first met at Fort Stewart, Georgia,
I was given a tour of substandard housing, and I went back and talked to
Don Rumsfeld about that, and said, we've got to do something about that.
Pay is one thing, and housing is another. And both of them are compatible,
both of them are important for families in the military.
And I think you'll find that we have -- we're living up to our commitment
to have a full-scale housing program ongoing for our troops. And the housing
issue is getting a lot -- the housing condition is improving, compared to
the way it was in the past. And so I'm mindful of it.
And health care is good for our troops. I think, again, if you ask the troops
-- that's who I ask -- and they tell me they're pleased with the health care.
And so the key is to continue the progress that we've made about making sure
that the human condition in the military is excellent.
QUESTION: One final question, Mr. President. The families of America's fighting
forces, they make huge sacrifices in the name of freedom, just like the service
members. You touched on it earlier. You touched on it in your speech today.
For months at a time, they give up their service members; they don't know
where they are; they don't hear from them; they don't know if they're safe;
they don't know if they're dead or alive.
What message do you have for the families today?
THE PRESIDENT: Well, my message is that what your loved one is doing is
the right thing for the country. We are called upon to defend the United
States of America. I take that oath, and every soldier takes that oath. And
on 9/11, our world changed, and we realized this country is vulnerable and
we better do something about it. And the best way to secure the homeland
is to get the enemy before he gets us. At least that's my attitude.
And so, I -- first of all, the commitment that their loved ones have made,
the families of the service ones have made, is in line with this business
about winning and fighting war. Every person is a volunteer in our military.
They've chosen to defend the United States of America.
And, therefore, they need to get the best -- if that's their attitude, and
they made up their mind that's what they want to do, then my job is to get
them the best equipment, the best pay, the best training possible, so that
if we ever have to send them in, they'll be able to do the job.
And I hope their loved ones understand that, that this is a volunteer army,
and it requires sacrifice. Look, I understand what it must mean for the moms
and dads and sons and daughters to wonder about their loved one. It must
be a nerve-wracking experience. On the other hand, it's for a good cause.
I would tell you, as well, as I think our military does is
-- I'm going to tell you two things I think the military does really well
that will hopefully give comfort to people. One, there is a lot of communication
that takes place with troops overseas and their loved ones at home. There
are -- there's email efforts that go on, a lot of email efforts. In other
words, there's a capacity to communicate from afar, the likes of which our
military has never had.
Secondly, I have visited our wounded. One of my jobs as the Commander-in-Chief
is to try to comfort those who grieve and to comfort those who are wounded
-- those who grieve as a result of loss of life, and those -- and to comfort
those who have been wounded, and I do. I'm responsible for putting them into
combat, and I know that. And so I go to hospitals on occasion, Walter Reed
Ours is a country that can take a young, wounded soldier off the battlefield
and have him in the best care in a number of days. I met many a troop that
was wounded in Iraq, and three days later was at Bethesda Naval Hospital
getting the best possible treatment.
And to me that speaks volumes about the commitment of our country to take
care of our fighters, and our soldiers, and Marines, and sailors, and airmen.
If somebody gets hurt far from home, we will deliver the best care in the
world in a rapid time. And I understand that doesn't replace an injured limb
for a loved one, but it certainly should say loud and clear that this country
cares deeply about those who are willing to sacrifice on its behalf.
QUESTION: As you say, sir, freedom isn't free.
THE PRESIDENT: That's right.
QUESTION: Thank you, Mr. President, very much. I really appreciate the time.