on Nat'l Security, Homeland Security, Economic Security
August 14, 2002
10:25 A.M. CDT
Well, thank you all very much for that warm welcome. It's great to be back here
in Wisconsin, the land of reform, a state which has challenged other states
to achieve excellence for every citizen. I appreciate the governor's introduction,
I appreciate his friendship. I so very much appreciate you all coming today
to give me a chance to share with you some of the challenges our nation faces
and why I'm optimistic we can achieve and defeat those challenges.
There's no better place to come than -- a state to talk about can-do spirit
than Wisconsin. (Applause.) There's no better place to come and explain to my
fellow citizens how deeply committed I am and our country is to winning the
war on terror. (Applause.) This is a good place to come to explain to our fellow
citizens that we will do whatever it takes to protect the homeland, and that
we will do whatever it takes to make sure that our economy remains strong and
vibrant, all throughout the United States of America. (Applause.)
I want to thank Nancy, the chancellor of this fine university, for hosting me
and the small entourage the President travels with. (Laughter.) I appreciate
very much, Nancy, your staff working hard to set up this room for this discussion.
Thank everybody on our behalf, please. I also appreciate your commitment to
education. I love the idea of a school in which people come to get educated
and stay in the state in which they're educated. It is a positive sign that
this University is fulfilling its important function -- which is to train Wisconsin
youngsters for the future and then have the Wisconsin youngsters stay here to
make sure that the future is bright for all citizens. I congratulate you for
your leadership, I appreciate so very much your focus on no child being left
I appreciate so very much the Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce
for hosting this event. I want to thank the local officials who have come --
state officials and local officials. I particularly want to pay homage to Scott
Yesterday, I spent some quality time with the latest inductee into the Sturgis
Motorcycle Museum's Hall of Fame. That would be your Tommy Thompson. (Applause.)
You need to know he's doing a fantastic job. He's got a tough job, and he's
doing a great job on behalf of citizens all across our country. (Applause.)
Finally, I had the honor of welcoming a soldier in the army of compassion today
at Air Force One. Her name is Lucille Woods. Lucille, would you mind standing
up, please? (Applause.) I want you to meet Lucille, because she's an example
of what needs to happen in America if you're interested in our society being
a compassionate society. See, government can hand out money, but what government
cannot do is put love into people's hearts, or a sense of purpose in people's
lives. If you're interested in having an America that is a decent and compassionate
place, you've got to love a neighbor just like you'd like to be loved yourself.
That is what Lucille Woods does. She is a foster grandparent. (Applause.) She
is a foster grandparent who works with second graders to make sure that they
learn to read. No child will be left behind in her vision of America. Lucille
volunteers her time in her church to help those in need.
Our society is going to change, one heart, one soul at a time, because of silent
heroes like Lucille Woods. And thank you for coming today, Lucille. (Applause.)
Now, I was mentioning we have some serious challenges facing our nation, and
my most important job, I think, is to make sure that I protect -- do everything
I can to protect the homeland and make sure that an enemy which hates freedom
doesn't hit us again. They're out there, they can't stand the thought of America
being a hospitable society to many cultures. They can't stand the thought of
a society which worships an almighty God in different ways, a society which
is tolerant to different approaches to religion. They really hate the thought
of us being a society in which we are able to speak our mind, a society which
values the individual worth of each person. And so so long as we uphold those
values, which we will do, they're going to try to strike us.
But you need to know, your government at the federal level, and government at
the state and local level are doing everything we can to protect the American
people. There's a lot of really fine people who are running down every hint
and every lead and every opportunity to disrupt what may or may not be fixing
When we get back to Washington after what they call the "August break,"
I look forward to working with the United States Congress to do everything we
can to affect an organizational change which will then allow me to say more
certainly to the American people, we're effective at protecting the homeland.
There was -- there is over 100 agencies involved with homeland defense. These
agencies do different things other than homeland defense, but part of their
function is to protect the homeland. The Coast Guard is a good example. The
Coast Guard protects our shores from smugglers and they -- they're watching
out for the fishermen, they rescue boats in distress. But they also have got
a function of protecting the homeland.
And so the fundamental question when you think about the fact there's 100 agencies
scattered around, is what can we best do to align authority and responsibility?
How best can we have the primary function of these 100 agencies be to protect
the homeland? In other words, how do we change priority and culture?
So my suggestion was that we create a single department, the responsibility
of which is to protect the American people, with a Cabinet officer confirmed
by the Congress. And we're making progress on this idea. By the way, this isn't
a Republican idea, and this isn't a Democrat idea; this an American idea to
protect the American people. And so we're making progress. (Applause.)
We're making progress, but the Senate now needs to take up the idea. And the
concern is that they will be more concerned about their own political turf and
jurisdictional turf than they will be the larger concept of protecting the American
people. They'll be more concerned about special interests and less concerned
about how to adequately protect America.
So I look forward to working with the Senate. But I can assure you I will insist
that the new department be able to put the right person in the right place at
the right time to be able to protect the American people, that we will reject
any plan which has got a thick book of bureaucratic rules all aimed at protecting
special interests. (Applause.)
And it's important that we be able to have the right person at the right place
at the right time. It's important to be able to do so to protect our borders
-- we need to know who's coming in and what they're bringing in to America and
whether or not they're leaving when they're supposed to be leaving America.
And that means that the INS and the Border Patrol and the Customs all ought
to be working in concert, under the same authority. We're developing the same
culture, and that's going to require flexibility to get everybody thinking the
same way. There's a lot of entrenched interests in Washington. And we're going
to need all the tools necessary to make sure those entrenched interests hit
in the right -- run in the same direction. And that is to fulfill the top priority
of our government, which is to protect our homeland.
But the best way to protect the homeland, the best way to secure freedom for
this country is to chase the killers down one person at a time and bring them
to justice, which is what the United States is going to do. (Applause.)
I say that because I want the world to be at peace, but I know the nature of
the enemy. They -- we can't talk them out of their ideas. We can't hold their
hands and hope they change their attitude. We must bring them to justice. This
country doesn't seek revenge, we seek justice. And the farther we get away from
the attacks of America, the more likely it is some Americans will forget the
danger. But not me, nor will the United States military. For those of you who
have got loved ones in the U.S. military, I want to tell you how proud I am,
how confident I am of their abilities and how proud you should be of their service
to our great country. (Applause.)
I have submitted a significant increase in defense appropriations for two reasons:
Any time we put our military in harm's way, they deserve the best training,
the best pay, the best possible equipment. And, secondly, I want to send a message
to our friends and our enemies that the United States of America is determined
and patient and relentless in our quest for freedom.
Now, the Congress has passed -- the House passed one version, the Senate passed
another version. They need to get together quickly when they get back in September,
and get a defense appropriations bill on my desk first thing. It's important
for our planning purposes, it's important for our war on terror that they not
play politics with the defense appropriations bills. (Applause.)
And we're making some progress, we really are. What's hard for some to understand
about this new war of the 21st century is that these are people being treated
like international criminals, and so it's like we're on a manhunt. And the United
States is working closely with our friends and we have hauled in over a couple
of thousand of these folks. They've been arrested and detained. Some of them
are in our possession, others are with other countries. Some of the terrorists
haven't been quite as luckily as those who have been detained and arrested.
But we're slowly but surely making progress, and we're enforcing the doctrine
that says, either you're with us or you're with the enemy, and if you harbor
a terrorist, if you feed one, you're just as guilty as those who killed thousands
of Americans on September the 11th. (Applause.)
I believe by being relentless and steady, not only will we make America more
free, that the future generations of American citizens will be able to grow
up in a free society, but by being relentless and steady and principled and
determined we can achieve peace. And that's my hope, is for the world to be
peaceful; that we can achieve peace in parts of the world that have -- where
some folks have just given up on the thought of peace, perhaps the Middle East
or South Asia.
For those of you with youngsters who are trying to explain what you're seeing
or hearing on TV about this war on terror, please tell them that when we go
into a country we go in not as conquerors, but as liberators, because we believe
in freedom for all citizens who live in the world. We love our own freedoms.
And at the same time, by being strong and resolved and determined, we can achieve
peace -- peace for generations to come. (Applause.)
And the third big challenge is to enhance to and work on the economic security
of the American people -- we'll work on the homeland security and the economic
security. Yesterday I had a forum in Baylor University, in central Texas --
quite a sacrifice for people to come down there, to central Texas, middle of
Texas in the middle of August. But they were determined to share with me and
people in my administration ideas and thoughts and concerns -- could have had
the meeting right here and had the same input from citizens here in the great
city of Milwaukee.
We had union members and union leaders. We had grandmothers, we had entrepreneurs,
small business people, farmers, ranchers, people from all walks of life. And
they talked about the challenges our economy faces. I mean, after all, for the
first three quarters when I was the President we were in recession. And then
that September the 11th hit, and that hurt our economy. And then some of these
liars showed up, some of the scandals started to surface. They'd been in the
making for a while, but they began to bubble up, and that shook the confidence
of our country. And we discussed -- we discussed that yesterday.
But we all came -- at least, I came to the conclusion, having listened to a
lot of our fellow Americans, that the strength of the American people and the
fundamental strength of our economy far outweighs the challenges we face. And
let me give you some examples.
We're the most productive people in the world. Our farmers and ranchers and
working people are incredibly productive. Interest rates are low. Inflation
is low. Wages are rising. Taxes are lower. (Applause.) Consumer spending is
still strong. I came away from the meeting confident about our economic future,
but not content with the progress we're making. And I want to discuss with you
some of the things I think we can do.
First, you've got to understand that behind the statistics -- at least the way
I view it -- is behind the statistics is somebody's life. So the way I put it
is, if somebody wants a job and can't find a job, we've got a problem. So long
as anybody is looking for work who can't find work, we need to do something
Now, there are some things we can do in Washington to help the economy grow.
One thing we need to do is to restrain excessive spending. We need fiscal responsibility.
Excessive spending will serve as a drag on economic growth. Right now, we've
got some deficits because of the recession and because we're funding the war
on terror. But by restraining excessive spending, we can have our budget back
in balance. But it's going to require Congress to show some discipline. And
that's hard. Every constituency has got an issue, every program sounds wonderful.
I tried to help yesterday.
Congress sent an emergency spending bill to my desk, and that was good. It's
called a supplemental. It's money for the war on terror, it's money to defend
the homeland, it's money to help rebuild New York City. But interestingly enough,
they put $5 billion additional dollars in there, about $5 billion that I didn't
think was an emergency.
And part of the language in the supplemental said, either you spend all $5 billion
of the extra money, or you spend none of it. In other words, I didn't have any
flexibility. I didn't get to pick and choose. They said, all or none, I heard
their position, yesterday they heard mine, we're spending none of the $5 billion.
This decision should serve as an example that I am serious when it comes to
protecting taxpayers' money, and to being fiscally sound with your money, to
set priorities and make sure they fund the priorities, but don't overspend.
Somebody said, what are you talking about? In part of the $5 billion, to show
you one of the egregious examples, was they wanted a new building for worms
and bugs that the United States had collected. That's not an emergency. (Laughter.)
If somebody thinks it's that important, they can put it in next year's appropriations
bill. As a matter of fact, one of the things we'll do is we'll take some of
the good ideas that were a part of the $5 billion, and work immediately to get
them in the '03 budgets. And by the way, the '03 funding starts soon.
Two examples. One, a pressing need -- one of the pressing needs was AIDS prevention
programs. I'm a supporter of doing everything we can here at home and internationally
for fighting AIDS. (Applause.) And there's money in there for the Middle East,
for Israel and Palestine, and that money is necessary. But there's time to get
it in the '03 budget, and we'll get it spent. But I am not -- I am not going
to allow Congress to pressure me to spend money that I don't think is needed.
For the good of the economy, we must show fiscal restraint. (Applause.)
And for the good of the economy, we fortunately reduced the taxes on the people
who pay taxes here in America. Tax relief was timely and it's going to -- history
will show it was necessary to help fight this recession that we inherited. (Applause.)
One of the things I heard yesterday -- and I suspect you would hear from the
small business owners in this crowd -- is that by reducing taxes, it helps small
businesses grow. Seventy percent of the new jobs in America are created by our
small business entrepreneurs. Small business is the backbone of an economic
recovery. And, therefore, by cutting taxes we helped small businesses.
I've heard the rhetoric, about who supposedly we're helping and not helping.
The reality is, most small businesses pay personal income taxes. Most small
businesses are not incorporated. They're sole proprietorships. They're limited
partnerships. They pay personal income taxes. And when you drop the personal
tax rate, you're helping small businesses. The more money a small business has,
the more likely it is that small business is going to be able to grow and employ
another citizen from Wisconsin. (Applause.)
We slashed the marriage penalty. I believe the tax code ought to encourage marriage,
not discourage marriage. (Applause.) And we put the death tax on the road to
extinction. (Applause.) We heard yesterday from people from all walks of life
talk about how terrible the death tax is. These are small business owners, many
of whom have just come to America for the first time. They're building up their
asset base, they want to be able to leave their assets to whoever they want
to leave them to, without that asset getting taxed twice. The death tax is bad
for Wisconsin farmers. The death tax is bad for Wisconsin small business owners.
The death tax needs to go forever, as far as I'm concerned. (Applause.)
But because of a quirk in the Senate rules, the tax relief plan that is being
phased in will end in 10 years -- or nine years from now, and that's not right.
People need to be able to plan. People need not be -- have certainty in the
tax code. And so therefore, for the good of economic growth, for the good of
job creation, the United States Congress must make the tax relief plan that
we passed permanent. (Applause.)
Congress needs to act on terrorism insurance. People say, what is that? Well,
there are eight -- there's $8 billion worth of money that has been put aside
-- $8 billion worth of construction projects that are not going forward in America
because of the high cost of terrorism insurance. When the enemy hit us, they
changed the whole concept of risk.
Our belief is, the federal government ought to help pay for terrorism insurance.
I think it's a useful use of taxpayers' money, to provide a certainty, a security
for terrorism insurance. If you're worried about jobs, like I am, if you want
your hard hats working, we've got to get terrorism insurance passed so these
large commercial projects go forward. We want people working in America, and
the United States Congress can provide a means necessary to get these construction
workers back to work. (Applause.)
We need an energy plan in America. We need to conserve more energy, we need
to work on renewables. We need to explore more at home in an environmentally
friendly way, so we're not reliant upon foreign sources of crude oil. (Applause.)
I got trade authority, I'm going to use trade authority for the good of the
economy. I made the argument to Congress that good trade means good jobs. Listen,
if you're good at something, you want to encourage. If you're good at something,
you want to open up markets for the product you create. Listen, we've got the
best entrepreneurs in the world here in America, we've got the best farmers
in the world here, we've got the best cheese in the world here in America. (Applause.)
And we ought to be selling our products all around the world. (Applause.)
It's important for our fellow Americans to understand trade means higher paying
jobs. I also look forward to working with Congress on pension reforms. A lot
of people own stock and bonds, and that's positive. We want people to own things
in America. We want people to say -- balance sheet to be more than just potential
income, we want it to be assets. And yet there are those who are involved in
pension funds that are locked into funds. They can't diversify. There needs
to be a law on the books that says that after you own your company's stock for
a while, you ought to be able to sell it and diversify your portfolio. You ought
to not have all your eggs in one basket. And I'm proud of the law I just signed,
which says, if the CEO gets to sell his stock, so does the working person, the
person working for that CEO. (Applause.)
And speaking about CEOs, like you I have been disappointed in the performance
of some of America's Chief Executive Officers. They let us down. They didn't
uphold their responsibility as a leader should. They fudged the books. They
didn't tell the truth. And now they're going to pay the price. It's no longer
easy money for these folks, it's hard time. (Applause.)
I want to thank the members of both political parties for signing the most comprehensive
corporate reform since Franklin Roosevelt was the President. I appreciated working
with leaders in both parties to get this done. We're going to send a very strong
signal to people. We expect there to be transparency. We're going to make sure
that the numbers are real. We've got a lot of first-time stockholders who don't
appreciate being told one thing is happening, but reality was another.
The SEC is stronger. We've got more enforcement officers. We've got laws on
the books now that are going to increase the penalties for lying and cheating
to the American people. I've got a corporate fraud task force that's active
and aggressive. Obviously, they'll stick to the law, but when we find somebody
who has defrauded the American people, they're going to pay a price.
You know, I was telling some folks yesterday, I was disappointed to hear that
in business schools they're afraid to teach right from wrong. They don't want
to take the position of right from wrong for future MBAs. And in my speech I
gave to New York City about the reforms necessary to help clean up corporate
America, I talked about the need for business schools to teach right from wrong
and professors came up to me when I was on my way out of the room, he said,
thanks for saying that. Big old fellow, a working man, came up and said, if
you really want to teach them right from wrong, Mr. President, if you want to
send a message about ethics and business in America, slap some handcuffs on
one or two of them and put them on TV; that's the best lesson you can leave
with corporate America, if they're going to lie, cheat or steal. (Applause.)
Today, Chief Executive Officers of major corporate America are putting their
names on the line to certify that the numbers on their balance sheets are real,
and that's positive. By far, the vast majority of those who run corporate America
are good, honorable people. You've got some great companies here in the state
of Wisconsin. I think of Harley Davidson, for example, a company which has got
not only a great product, but a company which treats its employees with the
utmost of respect and dignity, and has done pretty well by the shareholder,
We've got all kinds of companies like that, run by decent people. And we're
not going to let the few ruin the reputations of the many. We're going to hold
people to account here in America.
One of the things I learned at our sessions yesterday, and I suspect would learn
here today, that even though folks are optimistic about the future. There has
been a little shaking in their confidence. People are concerned, and I can understand
But one of the things that rang true yesterday to me, and does every time I
make a stop here in America, is that we should never lack confidence in our
character, in the character of the American people. This is a fabulous country.
These are hard working, decent, honorable people who can overcome any challenge.
This is a great country, and when we put our mind to something, we'll be successful.
And we've got our mind on some big goals here in America. We've got our mind
on bringing freedom and peace to the world. Our mind is on protecting the homeland
and our thoughts and concerns are with those who are struggling economically.
But we'll achieve economic security here in America. Our entrepreneurial spirit
is strong, the fundamentals are great. We're regaining confidence in the leadership
of corporate America. But most of all, the American people are determined to
succeed. You know, I have said to our citizens a lot of times, that out of the
evil done to America on September the 11th is going to come incredible good.
Out of the evil done to our nation is going to come some good, the likes of
which we never really would have dreamed. And part of the good that's going
to come is the fact that our culture is changing, that a lot of Americans understand
that it's patriotic to help a neighbor in need. People say, what can you do
to fight the war on terror. You know what you can do? You can do some good.
It's the collective acts of goodness and decency which define America, which
show the world the true face of our nobility and our strength and our culture.
Flight 93 was a poignant moment for me and, I suspect, for you as well. These
are people flying across the country. They heard the plane was going to be used
as a weapon. They were on their cell phones to their loved ones. They told them
they loved them. They said a prayer, one guy said, "Let's roll." They
took the plane in the ground to serve something greater than themselves in life.
It's those acts of courage, those quiet acts of compassion which really are
changing America one person at a time. There is a new culture in this country.
We're ushering in a period of personal responsibility. People are responsible
for the decisions they make in life, responsible for loving your children with
all your heart and all your soul, responsible for helping a neighbor in need,
responsible for making sure the Milwaukee school system is the best in the country
so nobody -- no child is left behind. No, there is a new responsibility in America.
I don't know what went through the minds of the enemy when they attacked us.
They must have thought they were attacking a nation that was so shallow, so
materialistic, so selfish that all we would do was maybe file a lawsuit. But
what they've learned is they attacked a nation that is strong and courageous
and decent, a nation in which thousands of our fellow citizens understand that
by serving something greater than yourself in life, you serve the greatest nation
on the face of the Earth.