The Patriot Resource - American Revolution


Capture of Fort Ticonderoga by Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys
Ethan Allen at Fort Ticonderoga


Date: May 10, 1775
Location: Fort Ticonderoga, New York


Background
On April 19, 1775 the Revolutionary War had begun with the skirmishing at Lexington and Concord. Massachusetts. Once the British detachment retreated to Boston, the Siege of Boston began. As the rebels continued to gather around Boston, they realized that they did not have the munitions or cannon to carry out successful siege or military operations.
Fort Ticonderoga, which was located on Lake Champlain, became an objective for its stores of munitions and the strategic position of control that it held over the waterways to Canada.

As a result, expeditions began to be planned to capture the fort. At the request of the Connecticut Assembly, Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys of Vermont (then a disputed territory of New Hampshire) set out from Hartford on April 28. Meanwhile, Benedict Arnold, who had been on his way to participate in the siege at Boston, convinced the Massachusetts Committee of Safety to authorize his expedition.

When Arnold learned of Ethan Allen's expedition, he left his men behind and hurried to catch up with Ethan Allen. Arnold caught up with Allen and tried to take command of the expedition on the authority of the Massachusetts Committee of Safety, but since he had none of his own men and the Green Mountain Boys would not follow him, it was agreed that the two men would share command.


Capturing the Fort
On the night of May 9, 1775, about 100 men crossed Lake Champlain and at dawn on May 10, slipped into the Fort. Most of the dozen British soldiers garrisoned there were still asleep. As they entered the officers' quarters, Allen is said to have yelled, "Come out of there, you damned old rat!" Although in his memoirs, Allen later wrote that he had said, "in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress." The commander of the fort appeared and quickly surrendered the fort.


Aftermath
The fort became the base operations for the Invasion of Canada in the Winter of 1775-76. On December 9, 1775, Henry Knox removed the cannon from the fort and hauled them to Boston, arriving on January 24, 1776, for use in the siege there. On July 6, 1777, Fort Ticonderoga was recaptured by Maj General John Burgoyne. It was then burned in October 1777, when the British were forced to abandon it.



Bibliography:
1. http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Ranch/9198/revwar/ticonder.htm
2. http://fort-ticonderoga.org
3. Karapalides, Harry J.; Dates of the American Revolution
4. Stokesbury, James L.; A Short History of the American Revolution

Topic Last Updated: 3/26/2001








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