Battle of Saratoga
Following his retreat on October 8, Maj. General John Burgoyne spent a week negotiating terms of surrender with Maj. General Horatio Gates. Finally on October 17, 1777, Burgoyne formally surrendered. Under the generous terms of the Saratoga Articles of Convention, Burgoyne was allowed to march out of camp "with the Honors of War", which included retaining his colors and the return of his men to England. His 6,000 men marched out of their camp, surrendered their weapons and began their march west. However, when they reached New England, Gates' terms were not honored and the British soldiers spent months in sparce guarded camps.
The effect of the victory was enormous. General Gates became known as the 'Hero of Saratoga'. The victory also gave the fledgling country much needed momentum. Not long after France learned of the victory, they declared war on Britain, finally officially joining the war. Spain soon did the same. The loss also further weakened the current British government under Lord North. It was the beginning of the end of the war for the British.
3. Boatner, Michael; Encyclopedia of the American Revolution
4. Hibbert, Christopher; Redcoats and Rebels
5. Karapalides, Harry J.; Dates of the American Revolution
Picture: Battle of Saratoga: General Arnold Wounded in the Attack on the Hessian Redoubt
Topic Last Updated: 10/30/2002
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